Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography (MLA)

Blaxter, J. H. S. “The Enhancement of Marine Fish Stocks.” Ed. BT  – Advances in Marine Biology. Vol. 38. Academic Press, 2000. 1–54. ScienceDirect. Web. 31 Mar. 2016.

-Professor John Blaxter who the J.H.S. Blaxter Award, an award given by the American Fish Society honoring Professor Blaxter’s contribution to the understanding of larval fish ecology, is named after, focuses primarily in this paper on the efforts and history of “Enhancing” fish stock. Enhancing fish stock is primarily done via hatcheries where historically done by releasing larvae and yolk sac’s (embryos) into a habitat in hopes that the captive bred fish would help replenish the declining species population size. Initial efforts did not work, but through time we have been able to realize components that control the success of enhancement. I plan to use this article to evaluate the use of hatcheries as a viable way to increase population size whilst noting the various stipulations that predict the success of enhancement.

Heppell, Selina et al. “Effects of Fishing on Long-Lived Marine Organisms.” Marine Conservation Biology (2005): 211–231. Print.

-Dr. Heppell is currently a Professor at Oregon State University who runs a lab (Heppell Lab) and has been a part of 63 publications. This article goes over several aspects of conservation of long-lived marine organisms, she addresses several views on how they should be managed and current efforts to limit by-catch mortality. I plan to use this article to both define key terms for my paper as well as a reference for the struggle of trying to manage long-lived species. Her in depth view on the variables that make over exploitation of long-lived marine species will be implemented throughout my paper and be helpful with bring pathos into the subject.

López-Pujol, Jordi et al. “Should We Conserve Pure Species or Hybrid Species? Delimiting Hybridization and Introgression in the Iberian Endemic Centaurea Podospermifolia.” Biological Conservation 152 (2012): 271–279. ScienceDirect. Web.

-Dr. Jordi López-Pujol has his PhD in Ecology, Botany, and Genetics; his uses a scientific voice to assess the pros and cons of hybridization in the plant species Centaurea podospermifolia. This will be my ethics piece for the paper because it analyzes the use of hybridization which is a very controversial topic. I plan to use this paper to help support the implementation of hybridization in hatcheries and the Yelloweye Rockfish’s critical habitat (Puget Sound/ Georgia Basin). By hybridizing the species there is an increase in genetic diversity which may potentially aid in the increase of species number. Hybrid species are commonly unstable thus making them a temporary source of genetic flow that may be able to jumpstart the population into a healthy and maintainable reproductive cycle.

Pribyl, Alena L. “A Macroscopic to Microscopic Study of the Effects of Barotrauma and the Potential for Long-Term Survival in Pacific Rockfish.” (2010): n. pag. ir.library.oregonstate.edu. Web. 9 Apr. 2016.

-Dr. Pribyl is another current Professor at Oregon State University with a Phd in Fishery Science. Her article on the effects of barotrauma in Pacific Rockfish goes into the short and long term effects of barotrauma in Rockfish. This is an important conservation point to be brought up in my proposal because it adds another layer difficulty to preserving the Yelloweye Rockfish. It is important to identify the many limiting factors that make the Yelloweye an important and difficult species to preserve.

Protected Resources Webmaster, Office of Protected Resources. “Yelloweye Rockfish – Office of Protected Resources – NOAA Fisheries.” N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2016.

-This is an article put together by the NOAA to help define the Yelloweye Rockfish. It uses a scientific voice that does not delve too deeply into terms so that a wide variety of people can read and understand this article. I plan to use this article primarily to help describe the fish and use its characteristics to mold conservation methods. The Yelloweye Rockfish is a long lived fish that has a high number of eggs produced annually making it an interesting fish to design a plan for conservation. Having this general summary of the Yelloweye Rockfish is important for ensuring the limitations that the species introduces into conservation methods.

Sawchuk, Jennifer Heibult et al. “Using Stakeholder Engagement to Inform Endangered Species Management and Improve Conservation.” Marine Policy 54 (2015): 98–107. ScienceDirect. Web.

-Dr. Sawchuk is a Professor at the University of Washington in the school of Marine and Environmental Affairs, she is also an employee for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Her article on stakeholder engagement for management and conservation in Puget Sound overlooked stakeholder (fishers) opinions on conservation and management of species. Their approach of informing the fishers and allowing them to respond with ideas and fill out a survey on their feelings toward potential conservation and management efforts brought out the stake holders positive opinions on conservation. This article is how I will address the stakeholders opinion on the protection of the Yelloweye because overall fishers did want to preserve endangered species to various degrees, and thus this paper will also help support the area of my proposal to educate the public.

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